Updating 1970s homes
In the nineteenth century, Luxembourg and the Netherlands had the same monarch.
It is virtually identical to the flag of the Netherlands except for a slightly different blue shading (sky blue instead of ultramarine).
The largest groups of immigrants came from Italy in the 1950s and 1960s and from Portugal beginning in the 1970s.
In 1997, Portuguese accounted for 13 percent of the population, Italians 5 percent, French 4 percent, Belgians 3 percent, Germans 2 percent, citizens of other European Union countries 3 percent, and citizens of other countries 3 percent.
Traditionally, Luxembourgish was rarely written, and no official rules of spelling and grammar existed until they were established by the government in 1984.
Older Luxembourgers suddenly found themselves accused of making spelling and grammatical errors.